31. These include all God's relations to his creatures; if all are of Him, and through Him, all should be to Him, and for Him. The words will certainly bear this sense, "the depth of God's riches." (6) God's covenant with Abraham and his natural seed is a perpetual covenant, in equal force under the Gospel as before it. And so all Israel shall be saved--To understand this great statement, as some still do, merely of such a gradual inbringing of individual Jews, that there shall at length remain none in unbelief, is to do manifest violence both to it and to the whole context. A cursory reading of Romans might lead one to think that chapters 9-11 are a tangent or insertion unrelated to the rest of the letter.1 A more careful reading, however, leads to a different conclusion. "OF Him are all things," as their eternal Source: "THROUGH HIM are all things," inasmuch as He brings all to pass which in His eternal counsels He purposed: "To Him are all things," as being His own last End; the manifestation of the glory of His own perfections being the ultimate, because the highest possible, design of all His procedure from first to last. He has not turned against them now. lest ye should be wise in your own conceits--as if ye alone were in all time coming to be the family of God. of the seed of Abraham--of pure descent from the father of the faithful. 1 Being therefore justified (Greek: dikaiothentes—from dikaioo) by faith, we have peace (Greek: eirenen) with God through our Lord Jesus Christ; 2 through whom we also have our access (Greek: prosagogen) by faith into this grace in which we stand. The elect obtained it, but … so the branches--The Israelites were required to offer to God the first-fruits of the earth--both in their raw state, in a sheaf of newly reaped grain ( Leviticus 23:10 Leviticus 23:11 ), and in their prepared state, made into cakes of dough ( Numbers 15:19-21 )--by which the whole produce of that season was regarded as hallowed. Yet here the apostle teaches that, in two respects, Israel was not "cast away"; First, Not totally; Second, Not finally. John Piper Mar 28, 2004 1.8K Shares God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him Learn more about Desiring God Desiring God. Home >> Bible Studies >> Romans Studies >> Romans 11 These small group studies of Romans contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. Romans 11:6, KJV: "And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. (2) The preservation of this remnant, even as their separation at the first, is all of mere grace ( Romans 11:5 Romans 11:6 ). What man shall teach God how to govern the world? take heed lest he also spare not thee--a mere wild graft. And David saith--( Psalms 69:23 ), which in such a Messianic psalm must be meant of the rejecters of Christ. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 11:11-21 The gospel is the greatest riches of every place where it is. I consider myself to be a slave of *Christ Jesus. but as touching, the election--of Abraham and his seed. of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God--Many able expositors render this, "of the riches and wisdom and knowledge," &c. [ERASMUS, GROTIUS, BENGEL, MEYER, DE WETTE, THOLUCK, OLSHAUSEN, FRITZSCHE, PHILIPPI, ALFORD, Revised Version]. now not believed--or, "now been disobedient" that through your mercy--the mercy shown to you. This conflict is that of the theology of grace and how it relates to God’s relationship with both Jews and Gentiles who had converted to Christianity. 1. Proud member I magnify--"glorify" mine office--The clause beginning with "inasmuch" should be read as a parenthesis. God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew. be the reconciling of the--Gentile world, what shall the receiving of them be, but life from the dead?--The reception of the whole family of Israel, scattered as they are among all nations under heaven, and the most inveterate enemies of the Lord Jesus, will be such a stupendous manifestation of the power of God upon the spirits of men, and of His glorious presence with the heralds of the Cross, as will not only kindle devout astonishment far and wide, but so change the dominant mode of thinking and feeling on all spiritual things as to seem like a resurrection from the dead. yet now have obtained mercy through--by occasion of their. I myself belong to Israel's people. (9) Mere intellectual investigations into divine truth in general, and the sense of the living oracles in particular, as they have a hardening effect, so they are a great contrast to the spirit of our apostle, whose lengthened sketch of God's majestic procedure towards men in Christ Jesus ends here in a burst of admiration, which loses itself in the still loftier frame of adoration ( Romans 11:33-36 ). This is a study guide commentary ,which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. Scripture: Romans 11:33–36. John Piper Mar 21, 2004 318 Shares Sermon. For as ye in times past have not believed--or, "obeyed" God--that is, yielded not to God "the obedience of faith," while strangers to Christ. You must not relinquish this to a commentator. The apostle adores the sovereignty of the Divine counsels. Now, opening a more cheering prospect, he speaks of the mercy shown to the Gentiles as a means of Israel's recovery; which seems to mean that it will be by the instrumentality of believing Gentiles that Israel as a nation is at length to "look on Him whom they have pierced and mourn for Him," and so to "obtain mercy." I may provoke, &c. my flesh--Compare Isaiah 58:7 . But if thou--"do" boast--remember that thou bearest not--"it is not thou that bearest" the root, but the root thee--"If the branches may not boast over the root that bears them, then may not the Gentile boast over the seed of Abraham; for what is thy standing, O Gentile, in relation to Israel, but that of a branch in relation to the root? For if thou wert cut--"wert cut off" from the olive tree, which is wild by nature, and wast grafted contrary to nature into a good olive tree; how much more shall these, &c.--This is just the converse of Romans 11:21 : "As the excision of the merely engrafted Gentiles through unbelief is a thing much more to be expected than was the excision of the natural Israel, before it happened; so the restoration of Israel, when they shall be brought to believe in Jesus, is a thing far more in the line of what we should expect, than the admission of the Gentiles to a standing which they never before enjoyed.". It is the natural state of every one of us, to be wild by nature. If . John Calvin comments on today’s passage, “The nation had not fallen [so far], so that he who is a Jew must necessarily perish or be alienated from God.” Though the Israel according to the flesh has been resistant to believing in Christ, this will not last forever. Amen--Thus worthily--with a brevity only equalled by its sublimity--does the apostle here sum up this whole matter. salvation is come to the Gentiles, to provoke them to jealousy--Here, as also in Romans 10:19 (quoted from Deuteronomy 32:21 ), we see that emulation is a legitimate stimulus to what is good. Abraham was as the root of the church. © 2020 Christianity.com. Not only are we at first justified by faith, but kept to the end in that justified state by faith only; yet, by a faith which is not alone, but which worketh by love to God and man. God hath--"did" not cast away his people--that is, wholly which he foreknew--On the word "foreknew," Wot--that is, "Know" ye not that the scripture saith of--literally, "in," that is, in the section which relates to Elias? 16. The former might, beforehand, have been thought very improbable; but, after that, no one can wonder at the latter. (3) When individuals and communities, after many fruitless warnings, are abandoned of God, they go from bad to worse ( Romans 11:7-10 ). But here he manifestly speaks of something not then existing, but to be looked forward to as a great future event in the economy of God, the reingrafting of the nation as such, when they "abide not in unbelief." God forbid--Our Lord did indeed announce that … of the tribe of Benjamin--( Philippians 3:5 ), that tribe which, on the revolt of the ten tribes, constituted, with Judah, the one faithful kingdom of God ( 1 Kings 12:21 ), and after the captivity was, along with Judah, the kernel of the Jewish nation ( Ezra 4:1 , 10:9 ). 12. For--rather, "and" (again); introducing a new quotation. (1-10) God overruled their unbelief for making the Gentiles partakers of gospel privileges. Salem Media Group. Mar 28, 2004. The apostle has hitherto dwelt upon the unbelief of the Jews as making way for the faith of the Gentiles--the exclusion of the one occasioning the reception of the other; a truth yielding to generous, believing Gentiles but mingled satisfaction. 34, 35. True grace seeks not to confine God's favour. 2 God has not cast away His people whom () He foreknew. Grace (5485) (charis) is God's unmerited favor and supernatural enablement and empowerment for salvation and for daily sanctification. Though at present they are enemies to the gospel, for their hatred to the Gentiles; yet, when God's time is come, that will no longer exist, and God's love to their fathers will be remembered. 32. “I will have mercy upon whom I will have mercy,” He said, “And I will have compassion upon whom I will have compassion.” (Exodus 33:19).When they finished, James spoke up: “Brothers, listen to me. Let their eyes be darkened . For I would not . Paul understands the truth that many theologians today do not. For God hath concluded them all in unbelief--"hath shut them all up to unbelief" that he might have mercy upon all--that is, those "all" of whom he had been discoursing; the Gentiles first, and after them the Jews [FRITZSCHE, THOLUCK, OLSHAUSEN, DE WETTE, PHILIPPI, STUART, HODGE]. All rights reserved. . . 20. Scripture: Romans 11:33–36. BIBLE STUDY COMMENTARY ON ROMANS - CHAPTER 11 < 451101 > ROMANS 11:1-36 IN this chapter the Apostle first denies that the whole of the nation of Israel was indiscriminately rejected, for, as he had already intimated, there was to be a remnant saved, and of that remnant he holds himself forth as a noted example. The "knowledge," then, points probably to the vast sweep of divine comprehension herein displayed; the "wisdom" to that fitness to accomplish the ends intended, which is stamped on all this procedure. But as all the glorious manifestations of Israel's God were regarded as issuing out of Zion, as the seat of His manifested glory ( Psalms 20:2 , 110:2 , Isaiah 31:9 ), the turn which the apostle gives to the words merely adds to them that familiar idea. SAME SUBJECT CONTINUED AND CONCLUDED--THE ULTIMATE INBRINGING OF ALL ISRAEL, TO BE, WITH THE GENTILES, ONE KINGDOM OF GOD ON THE EARTH. The rejection of the Jews is not universal. 23. The Gentiles were grafted into this tree in their room; being admitted into the church of God. These questions, it will thus be seen, are just quotations from the Old Testament, as if to show how familiar to God's ancient people was the great truth which the apostle himself had just uttered, that God's plans and methods in the dispensation of His Grace have a reach of comprehension and wisdom stamped upon them which finite mortals cannot fathom, much less could ever have imagined, before they were disclosed. (So THOLUCK, MEYER, DE WETTE, PHILIPPI, ALFORD, HODGE). Therefore, we shouldn’t regard it as spiritual Israel in Romans 11:26. i. . they also may obtain mercy--Here is an entirely new idea. Benson Commentary Romans 11:7-10. Romans 11 – The Restoration of Israel A. Israel and the remnant of grace. From God, to God, Through God. 14. Conversion is as the grafting in of wild branches into the good olive. This is a worshipful moment in the letter of Paul to the Romans. Each of us must walk in the light we have. Of all judgments, spiritual judgments are the sorest; of these the apostle is here speaking. (See Luke 21:24 ). For if God spared not the natural branches--sprung from the parent stem. There was a chosen remnant of believing Jews, who had righteousness and life by faith in Jesus Christ. But how forced this is, we shall presently see. It can only mean the ultimate ingathering of Israel as a nation, in contrast with the present "remnant." Certainly it is not "all mankind individually" [MEYER, ALFORD]; for the apostle is not here dealing with individuals, but with those great divisions of mankind, Jew and Gentile. Besides, all that follows to the end of the chapter seems to show that while the Grace of God to guilty men in Christ Jesus is presupposed to be the whole theme of this chapter, that which called forth the special admiration of the apostle, after sketching at some length the divine purposes and methods in the bestowment of this grace, was "the depth of the riches of God's wisdom and knowledge" in these purposes and methods. . The captivities of Israel, their dispersion, and their being shut out from the church, are emblems of the believer's corrections for doing wrong; and the continued care of the Lord towards that people, and the final mercy and blessed restoration intended for them, show the patience and love of God. Be not high-minded, but fear--( Proverbs 28:14 , Philippians 2:12 ): 21. when I shall take away their sins--This, we believe, is rather a brief summary of Jeremiah 31:31-34 than the express words of any prediction, Those who believe that there are no predictions regarding the literal Israel in the Old Testament, that stretch beyond the end of the Jewish economy, are obliged to view these quotations by the apostle as mere adaptations of Old Testament language to express his own predictions [ALEXANDER on Isaiah, &c.]. The "fall" of Israel is the "riches of the world. Romans 11:6, ESV: "But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works; otherwise grace would no longer be grace." Grace is everything for nothing to those who don't deserve anything. The sense, however, is substantially the same in both. Simon (Peter) has described to us how God at first showed his concern by taking from the Gentiles a people for himself. 13, 14. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Romans 5:1-11 EXEGESIS: ROMANS 5:1-2. The Consolation of Israel’s Rejection (11:1-36) Romans 11 will turn its attention to the present and future purposes of God with regard to Israel. Even so at this present time--"in this present season"; this period of Israel's rejection. Of God, as the Spring and Fountain of all; through Christ, to God, as the end. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Romans 11:14 "If by any means I may provoke to emulation them which are my flesh, and might save some of them." Multitudes were made heirs of Abraham's faith, holiness and blessedness. Romans 11 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries But - Always pause to ponder this term of contrast. Paul makes this clear in Galatians 3:7 and … And though this is here spoken of merely as a supposition (if their unbelief shall cease)--in order to set it over against the other supposition, of what will happen to the Gentiles if they shall not abide in the faith--the supposition is turned into an explicit prediction in the verses following. Therefore it is, that the Jews as a nation still survive, in spite of all the laws which, in similar circumstances, have either extinguished or destroyed the identity of other nations. Divine curses will work long; and we have our eyes darkened, if we are bowed down in worldly-mindedness. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Certainly notFor () I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. The gospel is the greatest riches of every place where it is. The Jewish nation were as in a deep sleep, without knowledge of their danger, or concern about it; having no sense of their need of the Saviour, or of their being upon the borders of eternal ruin. Thou wilt say then--as a plea for boasting. Three confirmations of this now follow: two from the prophets, and a third from the Abrahamic covenant itself. I am a descendant of Abraham and I belong to Benjamin's family group. It isn’t “spiritual Israel” in Romans 11:25, because that Israel is spiritually blind. Commentary on Romans 11:11-21 (Read Romans 11:11-21) The gospel is the greatest riches of every place where it is. There is a distinction between national or ethnic Israel and spiritual Israel. or who hath been his counsellor--See Isaiah 40:13 Isaiah 40:14 . If we stand at all, it is by faith; we are guilty and helpless in ourselves, and are to be humble, watchful, afraid of self-deception, or of being overcome by temptation. of the root and fatness of the olive tree--the rich grace secured by covenant to the true seed of Abraham. the riches of the Gentiles; how much more their fulness!--that is, their full recovery "If an event so untoward as Israel's fall was the occasion of such unspeakable good to the Gentile world, of how much greater good may we expect an event so blessed as their full recovery to be productive?". These were kept according to the election of grace. Romans 11:1 “I say then, Hath God cast away his people? FIRST, Israel is not wholly cast away. As therefore the righteous rejection of the unbelieving Jews, was the occasion of so large a multitude of the Gentiles being reconciled to God, and at peace with him; the future receiving of the Jews into the church would be such a change, as would resemble a general resurrection of the dead in sin to a life of righteousness. It is this, that Israel, in general, hath not obtained that which he seeketh — Namely, justification, acceptance with God, and the blessings consequent thereon. but toward thee, goodness--"God's goodness" is the true reading, that is, His sovereign goodness in admitting thee to a covenant standing who before wert a "stranger to the covenants of promise" ( Ephesians 2:12-20 ). and the diminishing of them--that is, the reduction of the true Israel to so small a remnant. I say then, Hath--"Did" God cast away his people? Even so have these--the Jews. At the beginning of the letter, Paul states that the gospel is “the power of God for salvation to everyone … Continue reading "Commentary on Romans 11:1-2a, 29-32" 11 I say then, () has God cast away His people? 1. God forbid. In the one place the Psalmist longs to see the "salvation of Israel coming out of Zion" ( Psalms 14:7 ); in the other, the prophet announces that "the Redeemer (or, 'Deliverer') shall come to (or 'for') Zion" ( Isaiah 59:20 ). This is the "remnant, even at this present time, according to the election of grace," of which the apostle, in the first part of the chapter, had cited himself as one. (22-32) A solemn adoring of the wisdom, goodness, and justice of God. And they also--"Yea, and they" if they abide not still in unbelief, shall be grafted in: for God is able to graft them in again--This appeal to the power of God to effect the recovery of His ancient people implies the vast difficulty of it--which all who have ever labored for the conversion of the Jews are made depressingly to feel. Those who know most in this imperfect state, feel their own weakness most. 25. Israel’s Rejection Not Total. For the gifts and calling--"and the calling" of God are without repentance--"not to be," or "cannot be repented of." 29. Romans 10 Romans 12 Chapter 11 The apostle, having reconciled that great truth of the rejection of the Jews with the promise made unto the fathers, is, in this chapter, further labouring to mollify the harshness of it, and to reconcile it to the divine goodness in general. (8) Those who think that in all the evangelical prophecies of the Old Testament the terms "Jacob," "Israel," &c., are to be understood solely of the Christian Church, would appear to read the Old Testament differently from the apostle, who, from the use of those very terms in Old Testament prophecy, draws arguments to prove that God has mercy in store for the natural Israel ( Romans 11:26 Romans 11:27 ). I say then, Hath--"Did" God cast away his people? 35. There is that vast distance and disproportion between God and man, between the Creator and the creature, which for ever shuts us from knowledge of his ways. For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things: to whom--"to Him" be glory for ever. Individual Jews have been at all times admissible, and have been admitted, to the Church through the gate of faith in the Lord Jesus. ", 8. as it is written--( Isaiah 29:10 , Deuteronomy 29:4 ). If then this election was of grace, it could not be of works, either performed or foreseen. Well--"Be it so, but remember that" because of unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest--not as a Gentile, but solely by faith--But as faith cannot live in those "whose soul is lifted up" ( Habakkuk 2:4 ). Every truly good disposition in a fallen creature must be the effect, therefore it cannot be the cause, of the grace of God bestowed on him. Although philosophical overtures of theodicy are disclaimed by Nygren and Gaugler, 9-11 from this perspective is a vindication of God’s ways in dealing with men through the gospel. Introduction 1:1-17. Romans 11 Some of Israel's people do trust God. For if the casting away of them--The apostle had denied that they were east away ( Romans 11:1 ); here he affirms it. All Rights Reserved. That intelligent expositors should think that this was meant of individual Jews, reintroduced from time to time into the family of God on their believing on the Lord Jesus, is surprising; and yet those who deny the national recovery of Israel must and do so interpret the apostle. The apostle's object in making these quotations is to show that what he had been compelled to say of the then condition and prospects of his nation was more than borne out by their own Scriptures. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. Paul makes this clear in Galatians 3:7 and other passages. Second. . (See 2 Corinthians 3:15 2 Corinthians 3:16 ). Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for--better, "What Israel is in search of (that is, Justification, or acceptance with this he found not; but the election (the elect remnant of Israel) found it, and the rest were hardened," or judicially given over to the "hardness of their own hearts. But this is to confound the two things which the apostle carefully distinguishes. This teaches us how to understand other prayers of David against his enemies; they are prophecies of the judgments of God, not expressions of his own anger. (1a) Has God cast away (rejected) His people Israel? God glorifies his grace by changing the hearts and tempers of the rebellious. From Israel hath come all that thou art and hast in the family of God; for "salvation is of the Jews" ( John 4:22 ). And if--rather, "But if"; that is, "If notwithstanding this consecration of Abraham's race to God. Romans 11:33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! if thou continue in his goodness--in believing dependence on that pure goodness which made thee what thou art. As concerning the Gospel they are enemies for your sakes--that is, they are regarded and treated as enemies (in a state of exclusion through unbelief, from the family of God) for the benefit of you Gentiles; in the sense of Romans 11:11 Romans 11:15 . ( 1a ) has God cast away his people from the Gentiles were grafted this. Sovereignty of the Bible, and justice of God Abrahamic covenant itself, 2004 Shares. Epistle was addressed to Gentile believers simon ( Peter ) has God cast away his people the. -- with a brevity only equalled by its sublimity -- does the apostle adores the sovereignty of rebellious. The Abrahamic covenant itself priority in interpretation Psalms 69:23 ), which means you... Is precious and valuable, then click Continue we shouldn ’ t regard it spiritual. 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